This interdisciplinary workbook will help students, interns, and physicians gain a fundamental grasp of color duplex ultrasound scanning. It reviews normal findings, important pathologic conditions, scanning techniques, and the relative importance of color duplex scanning under a variety of headings: â?¢ Basic physical and technical principles â?¢ Innovative techniques and ultrasound contrast agents (e.g. power Doppler, SieScape imaging, second-harmonic and tissue-harmonic imaging) â?¢ Vascular surgery: peripheral arterial occlusive disease, venous insufficiency and thrombosis, AV fistulae, and aneurysms â?¢ Endocrinology: thyroid gland â?¢ Internal medicine: abdominal organs, lymph nodes, TIPSS. â?¢ Nephrology: kidneys and renal allografts â?¢ Neurology: intra - and extracranial cerebral arteries â?¢ Cardiology: B-and M-mode imaging, cardiac anomalies, wall motion analysis â?¢ Urology: testicular torsion, tumors, erectile dysfunction. â?¢ Obstetrics and gynecology: tumors, anomalies, fetal perfusion defects.