Much has been written about the cognitive function of the children with epilepsy but despite their beeing extensive study of the neuropsychological status of adults with intractable temporal lobe epiliepsy, it has benn more limited in children. Although cognitive development in children is influenced by similar factors to adults (age at seizure onset, duration of the epilepsy, interictal EEG activity, medications, underlying pathology), the role of early damage, modification of cerebral organization and interruptionof the learning process are also likely to be important. This book, the first of a serie edited in collaboration with the journal Epileptic Disorders, is written by experts from all over the world. It extensively reviews available data from both clinical and fundamental research studies. Devoted to cognitive function and dysfunction in children with temporal lobe epilepsy, it also highlights those domains that demand further research, and those for which immediate established techniques for a better global care can be undertaken.